Dyscalculia: "math dyslexia"
In this study they used MRIs to study kids' brains and found that those who are poor at math show atypical activation patterns in a part of the brain called the parietal cortex. That means that there may be hope to restimulate this part of the brain, not through tutoring but through cognitive skills training.
Here's my favorite part though:
"We have some cultural biases in North America around math skills," says Ansari. "We think that people who are good at math must be exceptionally intelligent, and even more dismaying and damaging, we have an attitude that being bad at math is socially acceptable. People who would never dream of telling others they are unable to read, will proclaim publicly they flunked math."
Isn't that so true?