Technique Thursday: How to Make a Perfect Vinaigrette

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Being called upon to cook for family gatherings is a source of anxiety for my stepsister Meagan. Our family is populated by a disproportionate number of food professionals: my brother (Michelin star restaurant chef), sister-in-law (pastry chef), sister (former line cook), myself, and my dad who, although he has never been in the food business, assesses every dish as if he were the New York Times restaurant critic. Meagan isn’t enormously confident in the kitchen, so cooking for this lot rattles her nerves, to say the least. “It’s an (earmuffs, kids) “effing foodie nightmare,” she exclaimed after hosting Christmas dinner one year.

Recently, she overdressed an arugula salad at a summer barbecue, something that borders on mortal sin amongst certain members of our crowd. A few days later she asked if I’d help sharpen her skills on the salad front so as to avoid future culinary blunders. She wanted guidance on how to dress it just right and how to make the perfect vinaigrette, warning that if it can’t be knocked out in under two minutes, she’s reaching for the bottled ranch.

Salad with Vinaigrette

This is for you Meagan. Now if you blow it with the arugula, you can blame the food professional. Your basic, call it “weeknight” vinaigrette requires just four ingredients: vinegar, Dijon mustard, olive oil, and salt. The mustard isn’t truly essential, but it gives the dressing flavor and body that I happen to like on most salads. The only piece of equipment needed is an ordinary jar with a tight-fitting lid. An empty jam jar will do. Put the ingredients into the jar, screw on the top, and give it a vigorous shake. Done. There is no bowl or whisk to clean, and the jar doubles as a storage container so any leftovers can go straight into the fridge.

Here are a couple of other tidbits to keep in mind:

 • Use a ratio of vinegar to oil that suits your tastebuds. The classic is four parts oil to one part vinegar, but I prefer dressing a little tangy and go for a three to one ratio. The type and acidity of vinegar also affects the ratio.

• Taste the dressing before it goes on the salad by dipping a lettuce leaf into the vinaigrette and shaking off any excess. Consider the following: is it too tangy/oily/salty/not salty enough/toomustardy? Make adjustments accordingly.

• Dry the greens thoroughly. If they are still moist, the dressing won’t adhere and the salad will be soggy. • To avoid overdressing, start by drizzling on less than you think you need. Toss it well. If it needs more, you can always add it. But once overdressed, there’s no going back.

• Once it's dressed, serve the salad immediately.

For the recipes, go to


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