Why Are 1000 Children Being Detained in a Holding Facility in Arizona?

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There is a story weighing heavily on my heart that I would like to share. I had other plans for posts to share with you, but as a mother I simply cannot ignore this story. It’s important and necessary to take notice of news like this, but let me warn you it is not pretty. I’m not sure that this news has really filtered out to the rest of America, but here in Arizona we are dealing with a humanitarian crisis and it involves children.

In the small border town of Nogales, Arizona, about one hour south of  the city where I live with my family, we have received news that over 1000 children from South America are being transported to and housed in a government holding facility.  Here are some pictures from a local radio host, Jon Justice at KQTH, who was given these images by a person working at the facility who wanted to show everybody what is happening there. He has given me permission to run the photos.

 

Image Credit: KQTH

 

 

Image Credit: KQTH

 

In the pictures you can see the solar blankets used by FEMA for emergency situations like flooding, fires, and earthquakes. This is all that is available to the children at this point. More children have been bussed in since the pictures were released, and reportedly there are almost one thousand children behind the chain link fence.

Who are these children?  They are mainly children from South and Central America from countries other than Mexico.  Most of the children have been picked up in Texas where border patrol officers are currently being overwhelmed and the children are now being shipped to Arizona because all of the holding facilities in Texas have filled up.  A consul for Honduras, based in Arizona visited the site and said that the children at the facility are sleeping in plastic containers, haven’t showered for up to 10 days, and include pregnant teens and a one-year-old suffering from diarrhea.  The children cannot be simply sent back across the border as that would violate Mexican immigration law.  It is official policy to release the children only into the custody of their parents who are not in the country and cannot be contacted. 

How did they get here unsupervised?  That is the question I have not been able to get a firm answer for.  Apparently there has been a rise in children crossing the border unaccompanied for the last couple of years, especially in the Texas sector.  There is misunderstanding of amnesty laws, so people might believe that crossing the Mexico to the US border with children is almost a “get in free” card.  This isn’t the case, but this misunderstanding has been promulgated by human traffickers who are making a lot of money transporting children and families through Mexico to the US border.  Interestingly, Mexico’s own immigration laws are very strict and while they might let traffic move from South America through Mexico, those immigrants aren’t allowed to tarry on the way and certainly aren’t allowed to return to Mexico once they cross into the US.

Update- As I sought clarification I was informed that the official Border Patrol Policy is to turn away illegal entry at the border, unless they are children.  At that point they are required to take the children into custody.  Quite simply the unaccompanied children are actively seeking border patrol agents and turning themselves over once they cross the border.   Also, according to an article from NBC Latino, the specific law that the traffickers are using to advertise in South America that children will be admitted into the country is the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act which was passed and signed into law in 2008 by George W. Bush.  Obviously this has accelerated over the past year.
 

What is being done at the site?  Humanitarian efforts are being attempted outside of the rudimentary aid provided by FEMA.  Homeland Security has reportedly ordered 2000 mattresses.  Local organizations in Nogales and the surrounding communities are collecting clothes and blankets to help care for the children.  The state of Arizona is rushing supplies into the facility and is constructing showers and providing needed medical supplies as many of the children are health risks to themselves and others.

Update- There have been some ecclesiastical leaders allowed into the site, along with the mayor of Nogales but, as of yet, press access continues to be severely limited.

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